The highest point in Algeria is Tahat (3,003 m) in the Ahaggar Mountains.
Algeria is the second largest country in Africa.
The rock art of Tassili n'Ajjer documents climatic changes, animal migrations, and human habitation dating from 6000 BC to the early centuries AD.
The Berbers have inhabited present-day Algeria for thousands of years.
In early times the region was known as Numidia.
Algiers, on the Mediterranean coast, dates back to Phoenician times.
The Romans defeated the Phoenicians in the second century BC.
In the early fifth century Algeria was invaded by the Vandals, a Germanic tribe.
The Byzantines took the region from the Vandals in the sixth century.
The Arabs conquered North Africa in the seventh century.
In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries Spain occupied a number of North African ports.
Algeria became part of the Turkish Ottoman Empire from the mid sixteenth century.
As a result of piracy from North African ports, Algiers was attacked by the Americans, the Dutch and the British (1815 and 1816).
The French conquered Algiers in 1830.
Algeria became an overseas department of France in 1848.
Oil and gas reserves were discovered in Algeria in the 1950s.
The Algerian war for independence began in 1954. Independence was achieved in 1962.
Algeria suffered civil war for much of the 1990s.
In May 2003 over two thousand people died in an earthquake (magnitude 6.8) in northern Algeria.
In early 2011, at a time of unrest across the Arab world, protests took place across Algeria.