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Tuesday 20th March
Algeria Information - Page 2
Berbers have inhabited present-day Algeria for thousands of years.

The Phoenicians, early settlers in Algeria, were followed by the Romans, Vandals, Byzantines, Arabs, Turks and French.

French colonization began in 1830; in 1848 Algeria became an overseas department of France.

The Algerian war for independence from France began in 1954. Independence was achieved in 1962.

Algeria, a member of OPEC (the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries), is an important gas and oil producing country. Other resources are phosphates, iron ore, lead, uranium and zinc.

Industry produces the largest percentage of the country's Gross Domestic Product. Industries include petrochemicals, construction, light industries and food processing.

Agricultural products are wheat, barley, oats, olives, grapes and citrus fruits. Livestock is reared. (2011)

Crafts in Algeria are ceramics, carpets, embroidery, jewellery, leatherwork, glassware, and metalwork.

Traditional music and dance is promoted by the National Institute of Music. Other cultural institutions include the National Museum of Antiquities and the Museum of Fine Arts.

Albert Camus, the Algerian-French writer and philosopher, won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1957.

Football is a popular sport in Algeria. Volleyball is also played.

Water sports include swimming and sailing.

All Muslim festivals are celebrated. Independence Day (from France) is on 5 July and Revolution Day (1954) is remembered on 1 November.

News from Algeria is available from Newslink.

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