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Sunday 22nd October
Mozambique Facts
The highest point in Mozambique is Monte Binga (2,436 m).

Mozambique Island, a small island off the coast of Mozambique, is a World Heritage site.

Mozambique shares Lake Niassa (Lake Malawi) with Malawi and Tanzania.

Lake Niassa is one of Africa's largest lakes.

The Vumba Rock Paintings, thought to be around eight thousand years old, depict hunters, other human figures and animals.

Maputo, the capital city of Mozambique, was formerly called Lourenco Marques.

The Portuguese led by Vasco da Gama, arrived in Mozambique at the end of the fifteenth century.

Mozambique became a Portuguese centre for the slave trade.

Portugal abolished slavery in their colonies in 1858 but slaves had to serve an apprenticeship for twenty years.

A coup d'etat in Portugal, in 1974, led to former Portuguese possessions gaining independence.

Mozambique became independent in 1975.

Between 1977 and 1992 war and famine killed around a million people in Mozambique.

Samora Machel, the first President of Mozambique, died in a plane crash in 1986.

In 1995 Mozambique, although previously a Portuguese Colony, became a member of the Commonwealth (the monarch of the UK is head of the Commonwealth).

Mozambique is prone to floods. In 2000 a cyclone in southern Africa led to three weeks of floods which killed hundreds of people and displaced many others.

Flooding occurred again in 2001 when heavy rainfall caused Mozambique's rivers to burst their banks.

Flooding has exposed and moved many landmines which were buried in the ground during Mozambique's civil war.

In 2002 many parts of Mozambique suffered from drought and severe shortages of food.

In February 2007 Mozambique suffered the worse floods in six years. The situation was particularly bad where the Zambezi burst its banks. Tens of thousands of people were made homeless.

In January 2008 thousands of people fled to higher ground when the Zambezi overflowed its banks.

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