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Sunday 22nd October
FSM Facts
The highest point in the Federated States of Micronesia is Dolohmwar (Totolom) - 791 m.

The FSM is part of the Caroline Island chain in the Pacific Ocean.

The Federated States of Micronesia belong to an area in the Pacific known as Micronesia. (The islands of the Pacific are usually divided into three areas: Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia).

Micronesia includes the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), Guam, Kiribati, the Marshall Islands, Nauru, the Northern Mariana Islands and Palau.

Micronesia means small islands.

The FSM consists of over six hundred islands which are spread out over a wide area of the North Pacific. Sixty-five of the islands are inhabited.

The ancient city of Nan Madol, off the coast of Pohnpei dates back to the Saudelaur Dynasty (500-1450 AD).

In the past, large circular stones with a hole in the middle, were used as money in the State of Yap.

At the beginning of the nineteenth century, British and American whalers began visiting the Caroline Islands.

Spain claimed the Caroline Islands (FSM and Palau) in 1855.

The islands were sold to Germany at the end of the 1890s.

Micronesia (FSM) was occupied by the Japanese in the First World War.

Administration by the USA began in 1947 - the islands became part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, under United Nations authority.

The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) was formerly known as Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands).

In 1979 the States of Chuuk, Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap became the Federated States of Micronesia.

The FSM attained independence in 1986 under a Compact of Free Association with the USA. The agreement, which was renewed in 2004 and runs until 2023, provides Micronesia with financial aid. Both the USA and the FSM make contributions to a Trust Fund to provide Micronesia with finance after 2023.

In 2002 a number of people in the State of Chuuk were killed by Typhoon Chata'an.

In April 2004 much of the State of Yap suffered damage from Typhoon Sudel.

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