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Thursday 22nd March
Tunisia Information - Page 2
The Phoenicians were early colonists in Tunisia. The city-state of Carthage was founded in 814 BC.

Over the centuries, the region has been ruled by Romans, Vandals, Byzantines, Arabs and Ottomans.

The French established a Protectorate over Tunisia in 1883.

Tunisia became independent in 1956 and a republic was proclaimed the following year.

Tunisia has important sectors in agricultural, mining, manufacturing and tourism. Agricultural employs the largest number of the working population but the services sector earns the highest percentage of the Gross Domestic Product.

Agricultural products are grain, sugar beets, almonds, citrus fruit, dates, olives and tomatoes. Beef and dairy products are produced.

Industries include petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, textiles, footwear, cork, olive oil and beverages.

Tourism is a significant source of foreign exchange. (2011)

Cultural Institutions in Tunisia include the Tunis Symphony Orchestra, the National Dance Centre, the International Cultural Centre at al-Hammamat, and the Museum of Modern Art. The Bardo Museum in Tunis has a collection of world class mosaics.

The International Cultural Festival of Carthage stages a series of concerts at the Acropolium.

Football is a popular team sport in Tunisia. The Tunisian national team, known as the the Eagles of Carthage, play football at an international level. Other sports played are handball and rugby.

Water sports include scuba diving and sailing. Fishing from beaches and harbours is also a favourite pastime.

All religious festivals are celebrated. Other holidays include Independence Day - 20 March (1956 from France).

News from Tunisia is available from Newslink.

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