World InfoZone - WIZ Around The World
Tuesday 24th October
Guinea-Bissau Information - Page 2
History
The Portuguese explored present-day Guinea-Bissau, and the Cape Verde islands, in the fifteenth century.

Portuguese Guinea and the Cape Verde islands were administered jointly by the Portuguese. Present-day Guinea-Bissau became a separate Portuguese Colony in 1870.

In 1951 Portuguese Guinea was made a province of Portugal.

A coup d'etat in Portugal, in 1974, led to former Portuguese possessions gaining independence.

Luis Cabral, the first president of Guinea-Bissau, was overthrown in a coup led by Joao Bernardo Vieira (1980).

Vieira remained in power until 1999; following a civil war in 1998, he was removed by the military.

Kumba Yala was elected president at the beginning of 2000 and remained in power until a coup in September 2003.

Former President Vieira, who was re-elected in 2008, was assassinated in March 2009.

Economy
Agriculture and fishing provide a livelihood for the majority of the working population. The agricultural sector earns a significant percentage of Guinea-Bissau's Gross Domestic Product.

Cashew nuts, peanuts, and palm kernels are important exports. Rice is also a major crop. Other food crops are maize, cassava and beans. Cotton is grown. Agricultural products are processed and beer and soft drinks are produced.

Resources are fish, timber, phosphates, bauxite, clay, granite and limestone. Off-shore oil prospecting is in progress. (2008)

Arts
Music is an integral part of Guinean Culture. The music of Guinea-Bissau, in particular Creole music known as gumbe, has been brought to an international audience by Manecas Costa.

Sport
Football is a popular team game in Guinea-Bissau. Basketball is also played.

Holidays
All religious holidays are celebrated. Independence Day is on 24 September (1973).

News
News from Guinea-Bissau is available in Newslink.

Previous Page | Facts | Gallery
Guinea-Bissau Sections
Information
Geography Environment
Architecture Population
Languages Religion
Food History
Economy Arts
Sport Holidays
News
Facts
Facts
Gallery
Gallery

Guinea-Bissau
Read Amilcar Cabral

Features
Gorham's Cave Complex

The Twickenham Tribune

Terms Of Use
Terms of Use and

Stockholm Challenge

Rome GJC Challenge

© 1997 - 2017 World InfoZone Ltd