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Tuesday 24th October
Bhutan Information - Page 2
History
Bhutan has been a Buddhist country since the middle of the seventh century.

Border conflicts with the British in India began in the eighteenth century. Following the Duar War (1864-1865) Britain and Bhutan signed the Treaty of Sinchulu. The Treaty ceded land to British India in return for an annual payment.

In 1910 a Treaty between Bhutan and the United Kingdom gave the UK control over Bhutan's foreign affairs.

India took over the UK's role following India's independence in 1947 - land ceded to the British in 1865 was returned to Bhutan.

Economy
Bhutan has strong links with India and benefits from India's financial assistance.

The agricultural sector, including animal husbandry and forestry, provides employment for a large percentage of the working population.

Agricultural products include rice, maize, root crops, citrus fruits, dairy products and eggs.

Principal industries are hydroelectric power, calcium carbide, cement, wood products, alcoholic beverages and processed fruits.

Tourism, although controlled, is an important source of foreign exchange. (2008)

Arts
Weaving is a part of daily life for many families. National dress, worn by all Bhutanese, is traditionally made from cloth produced by hand looms.

Religion has a major impact on the arts: painting, literature, music and drama.

Masked dance dramas, performed by monks, pass on stories and teachings.

Sport
Archery is the national sport in Bhutan. Football, basketball, volleyball and cricket are played.

The Himalayas provide plenty of opportunities for hiking and climbing.

Holidays
All religious holidays are celebrated. National Day - 17 December - celebrates the foundation of the monarchy in 1907.

News
News from Bhutan is available in Newslink.

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